# How to solve Leetcode 160. Intersection of Two Linked Lists

## Iterating two linked lists at the same time

## Problem statement

Given the heads of two singly linked-lists `headA`

and `headB`

, return the node at which the two lists intersect. If the two linked lists have no intersection at all, return `null`

.

For example, the following two linked lists begin to intersect at node `c1`

:

The test cases are generated such that there are no cycles anywhere in the entire linked structure.

Note that the linked lists must retain their original structure after the function returns.

### Example 1

```
Input: listA = [4,1,8,4,5], listB = [5,6,1,8,4,5].
Output: Intersected at '8'
```

### Example 2

```
Input: listA = [1,9,1,2,4], listB = [3,2,4]
Output: Intersected at '2'
```

### Example 3

```
Input: listA = [2,6,4], listB = [1,5]
Output: No intersection.
```

### Constraints

The number of nodes of

`listA`

is in the`m`

.The number of nodes of

`listB`

is in the`n`

.`1 <= m, n <= 3 * 10^4`

.`1 <= Node.val <= 10^5`

.

**Follow up**: Could you write a solution that runs in `O(m + n)`

time and use only `O(1)`

memory?

## Solution 1: Store the nodes

You can store all nodes of `listA`

then iterate `listB`

to determine which node is the intersection. If none is found, the two lists have no intersection.

### Example 1

Store all nodes of

`listA = [4,1,8,4,5]`

in a map.Iterate

`listB`

and found node`'8'`

was stored.Return

`'8'`

.

### Code

```
#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
using namespace std;
struct ListNode {
int val;
ListNode *next;
ListNode(int x) : val(x), next(NULL) {}
};
ListNode *getIntersectionNode(ListNode *headA, ListNode *headB) {
unordered_map<ListNode*, bool> m;
ListNode *node = headA;
while (node != nullptr) {
m[node] = true;
node = node->next;
}
node = headB;
while (node != nullptr) {
if (m.find(node) != m.end()) {
return node;
}
node = node->next;
}
return nullptr;
}
int main() {
{ // Example 1
ListNode five(5);
ListNode four(4);
four.next = &five;
ListNode eight(8);
eight.next = &four;
ListNode one1(1);
one1.next = &eight;
ListNode four1(4);
four1.next = &one1;
ListNode one2(1);
one2.next = &eight;
ListNode six2(6);
six2.next = &one2;
ListNode five2(5);
five2.next = &six2;
cout << (getIntersectionNode(&four1, &five2) == &eight) << endl;
}
{ // Example 2
ListNode four(4);
ListNode two(2);
two.next = &four;
ListNode one12(1);
one12.next = &two;
ListNode nine1(9);
nine1.next = &one12;
ListNode one11(1);
one11.next = &nine1;
ListNode three2(3);
three2.next = &two;
cout << (getIntersectionNode(&one11, &three2) == &two) << endl;
}
{ // Example 3
ListNode four(4);
ListNode six(6);
six.next = &four;
ListNode two(2);
two.next = &six;
ListNode five(5);
ListNode one(1);
one.next = &five;
cout << (getIntersectionNode(&two, &one) == nullptr) << endl;
}
}
```

```
Output:
1
1
1
```

### Complexity

Runtime:

`O(m + n)`

, where`m, n`

are the number of nodes of`listA`

and`listB`

.Extra space:

`O(m)`

.

## Solution 2: Reiterating the two lists at the same time

If the two lists do not share the same tail, they have no intersection. Otherwise, they must intersect at some node.

After iterating to find the tail node, you know the length of the two lists. That information gives you a hint of how to reiterate to find the intersection node.

### Example 1

After iterating

`listA = [4,1,8,4,5]`

, you find the tail node is`'5'`

and`listA.length = 5`

.After iterating

`listB = [5,6,1,8,4,5]`

, you find the tail node is the last`'5'`

and`listB.length = 6`

.The two lists share the same tail. They must intersect at some node.

To find that intersection node, you have to reiterate the two lists.

Since

`listB.length = 6 > 5 = listA.length`

, you can start iterating`listB`

first until the number of its remaining nodes is the same as`listA`

. In this case, it is the node`'6'`

of`listB`

.Now you can iterate them at the same time to find which node is shared.

Found and return the intersection node

`'8'`

.

### Code

```
#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
using namespace std;
struct ListNode {
int val;
ListNode *next;
ListNode(int x) : val(x), next(NULL) {}
};
ListNode *getIntersectionNode(ListNode *headA, ListNode *headB) {
int lengthA = 0;
ListNode *nodeA = headA;
while (nodeA->next != nullptr) {
lengthA++;
nodeA = nodeA->next;
}
int lengthB = 0;
ListNode *nodeB = headB;
while (nodeB->next != nullptr) {
lengthB++;
nodeB = nodeB->next;
}
if (nodeA != nodeB) {
return nullptr;
}
nodeA = headA;
nodeB = headB;
while (lengthA > lengthB) {
nodeA = nodeA->next;
lengthA--;
}
while (lengthB > lengthA) {
nodeB = nodeB->next;
lengthB--;
}
while (nodeA != nodeB) {
nodeA = nodeA->next;
nodeB = nodeB->next;
}
return nodeA;
}
int main() {
{ // Example 1
ListNode five(5);
ListNode four(4);
four.next = &five;
ListNode eight(8);
eight.next = &four;
ListNode one1(1);
one1.next = &eight;
ListNode four1(4);
four1.next = &one1;
ListNode one2(1);
one2.next = &eight;
ListNode six2(6);
six2.next = &one2;
ListNode five2(5);
five2.next = &six2;
cout << (getIntersectionNode(&four1, &five2) == &eight) << endl;
}
{ // Example 2
ListNode four(4);
ListNode two(2);
two.next = &four;
ListNode one12(1);
one12.next = &two;
ListNode nine1(9);
nine1.next = &one12;
ListNode one11(1);
one11.next = &nine1;
ListNode three2(3);
three2.next = &two;
cout << (getIntersectionNode(&one11, &three2) == &two) << endl;
}
{ // Example 3
ListNode four(4);
ListNode six(6);
six.next = &four;
ListNode two(2);
two.next = &six;
ListNode five(5);
ListNode one(1);
one.next = &five;
cout << (getIntersectionNode(&two, &one) == nullptr) << endl;
}
}
```

```
Output:
1
1
1
```

### Complexity

Runtime:

`O(m + n)`

, where`m, n`

are the number of nodes of`listA`

and`listB`

.Extra space:

`O(1)`

.

## References

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