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1260. Shift 2D Grid

1260. Shift 2D Grid

How to transform a 2D vector into a 1D one

Nhut Nguyen's photo
Nhut Nguyen
·Jan 30, 2023·

3 min read

Problem statement

Given a 2D grid of size m x n and an integer k. You need to shift the grid k times.

In one shift operation:

  • Element at grid[i][j] moves to grid[i][j + 1].

  • Element at grid[i][n - 1] moves to grid[i + 1][0].

  • Element at grid[m - 1][n - 1] moves to grid[0][0].

Return the 2D grid after applying shift operation k times.

Example 1

Example 1

Input: grid = [[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]], k = 1
Output: [[9,1,2],[3,4,5],[6,7,8]]

Example 2

Example 2

Input: grid = [[3,8,1,9],[19,7,2,5],[4,6,11,10],[12,0,21,13]], k = 4
Output: [[12,0,21,13],[3,8,1,9],[19,7,2,5],[4,6,11,10]]

Example 3

Input: grid = [[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]], k = 9
Output: [[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]]

Constraints

  • m == grid.length.

  • n == grid[i].length.

  • 1 <= m <= 50.

  • 1 <= n <= 50.

  • -1000 <= grid[i][j] <= 1000.

  • 0 <= k <= 100.

Solution: Convert a 2D array into an 1D one

You can convert the 2D grid into a 1D vector v to perform the shifting easier. One way of doing this is concatenating the rows of the matrix.

  • If you shift the grid k = i*N times where N = v.size() and i is any non-negative integer, you go back to the original grid; i.e. you did not shift it.

  • If you shift the grid k times with 0 < k < N, the first element of the result starts from v[N - k].

  • In general, the first element of the result starts from v[N - k%N].

Example 1

For grid = [[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]]:

  • It can be converted into a 1D vector v = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9] of size m*n = 9.

  • With k = 1 the shifted grid now starts from v[9 - 1] = 9.

  • The final result is grid = [[9,1,2][3,4,5][6,7,8]].

Code

#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
vector<vector<int>> shiftGrid(vector<vector<int>>& grid, int k) {
    vector<int> v;
    for (auto& r : grid) {
        v.insert(v.end(), r.begin(), r.end());
    }
    const int m = grid.size();
    const int n = grid[0].size();
    int p = v.size() - (k % v.size());
    for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
            if (p == v.size()) {
                p = 0;
            }
            grid[i][j] = v[p++];
        }
    }
    return grid;
}
void printResult(vector<vector<int>>& grid) {
    cout << "[";
    for (auto& r : grid) {
        cout << "[";
        for (int a: r) {
            cout << a << ",";
        }
        cout << "]";
    }
    cout << "]\n";
}
int main() {
    vector<vector<int>> grid{{1,2,3},{4,5,6},{7,8,9}};
    auto result = shiftGrid(grid, 1);
    printResult(result);
    grid = {{3,8,1,9},{19,7,2,5},{4,6,11,10},{12,0,21,13}};
    result = shiftGrid(grid, 4);
    printResult(result);
    grid = {{1,2,3},{4,5,6},{7,8,9}};
    result = shiftGrid(grid, 9);
    printResult(result);
}
Output:
[[9,1,2,][3,4,5,][6,7,8,]]
[[12,0,21,13,][3,8,1,9,][19,7,2,5,][4,6,11,10,]]
[[1,2,3,][4,5,6,][7,8,9,]]

Complexity

  • Runtime: O(mn) (the nested for loops), where m = grid.length, n = grid[i].length.

  • Extra space: O(mn) (the vector v).

C++ notes

  1. To convert a 2D matrix into a 1D vector, you can use the vector's function insert().

  2. The modulo operator % is usually used to index an array to ensure the index is inbound.


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